For whom did she dedicate her life?
For whom did Maha Abu-Dayyeh dedicate her life?
For her small family? For her colleagues, with whom she shared in the establishment of Women’s Centre for Legal Aid and Counselling (WCLAC)? For the young women who’ve been trained at the Centre then went on to handle leading positions in the humanitarian, legal, and feminist fields? For the women activists on the Palestinian and Global levels? For women who stand in the front line of dislocating the common unjust cultural concepts and drive the wheel of change globally? For human rights defenders wherever human rights are violated? Or was it for all the above?
She was born in Jerusalem and graduated from Schmidt College for Girls. She accomplished her study of English language in the US, the thing that enabled her to start teaching English at Birzeit University and the Teacher Institute of Tira after graduation. She made her choice soon to quit teaching and head towards the legal field due to the political situation in general and due to the degradation and continuous violation of human rights in Palestine. She directed the Quaker Service Information and Legal Aid Center in 1987.
Throughout her professional life, Maha read about politics, social theories, and laws focusing on women issues and her awareness of the increased levels of violence against women. She felt the necessity to become more deeply involved to address the conditions they faced and to offer legal services and support them. She believed in teamwork, so, in 1991 with some of her women colleagues, who shared her vision, established the Women’s Centre for Legal Aid and Counselling (WCLAC). The Centre aims at ensuring the meaningful role of women in social life, defending their causes, and offering them legal and social services and guidance in order to empower them and enable them to contribute in all aspects of the Palestinian life.
Maha’s concerns and job as the Centre’s Director was not limited to offering legal and social protection for women whose rights were violated. Even though defending women’s rights is an important aspect, she extended her efforts into changing existing policies and creating new ones. Policies that protect women and defend their rights, so that they might be used as a legal weapon. This was important especially after the establishment of the Palestinian National Authority in 1994, and after the initiation of “The Women’s Rights Document” by the General Union of Palestinian Women hand in hand with the women’s centers and women’s networks. The Document came with reference to the Palestinian “Declaration of Independence” and was based on many other local and international agreements.
The Women’s Rights Document included detailed and precise descriptions for the most important rights of the Palestinian woman in all aspects, with reference to the international standards and declarations, the Palestinian constitutional regulation and the Palestinian legislations that a Palestinian legislator should be guided by while practicing legislative roles. It also linked the political rights, economical and social rights, forensic rights, and the rights of citizenship and personal status.
In 1994, WCLAC scanned and reviewed the laws concerning women in the Palestinian society. The legal analysis revealed the extent of the legal discrimination against women, one half of the society. From this new revelation, along with the work of the Palestinian women’s movement including the Women’s Rights Document, sparked in the head of the Centre’s Director the idea of the “Palestinian Model Parliament: Women and Legislation” (PMP)! And the importance of uniting the feminist and social efforts together for the sake of installing women’s rights in the Palestinian legislations and policies arose! All those developments demanded opening a wide bold discussion on the society level.
Palestinian Model Parliament project started in cooperation with the Palestinian women’s movement in 1995. Regional committees, which spanned West Bank and Gaza, were formed to discuss suggestions to modify the legislations and for legal reform that rejects discrimination. The discussions lasted for two more years until the first full convening of the PMP in 1998.
The door was wide opened to discuss the active laws in Palestine. Sixty-five suggested modification to laws concerned with the life of the society as a whole, on the way of the realization of equality and social justice, were presented. The resulting discussions caused clashes with the religious fundamentalists’ ideas and with those who explicitly carry its mentality and others who implicitly, out of compliance or uncritical examination, do that! Other clashed were with those who argued that attentions women’s issues should be postponed claiming that the main national priority is ending the Israeli occupation.
Maha and her colleagues paid much attention to the documentation of that pioneer experience in a forthcoming book, title Palestinian Model Parliament: Towards Legislation Based on Palestinian Identity, Progressive Ideals, and Just Content. The idea underlying the purpose of the publication is for women’s rights activists and other interested people to analyze experiences and reflect on the lessons learned and to use as a base to move to the next steps in our movement. The book will be published soon in both Arabic and English.
The second Palestinian Intifada in September 2000 was a challenge to all women’s rights activists. Maha was aware of that challenge. The extent of violence the Israeli military occupation inflicted on the Palestinian people was clear and in the forefront of her mind, and was expressed through her leadership of the Centre’s and its work. Several studies conducted during this time also showed that the social violence against women has increased. Thus, situation demanded struggling on two levels: exposing the unjust policies of the occupation by documenting women’s sufferings and claiming protection for them from the international community while simultaneously continuing to provide legal and social services and keeping the social pressure to claim and assert their rights.
Maha Abu-Dayyeh’s contributions were varied and distinct, though inextricably joined, and spanned from the local to global. She helped to institutionalize women’s activism in our society shaped a feminist discourse that challenged cultural and social concepts that chain women and hinder their progress. Maha organized the creation of safe homes for battered women; she listened deeply to the voices of oppressed and marginalized women and broadcasted their voices so the world would hear Palestinian women both as facing enormous, sometimes unimaginable challenges and multi-faceted forms of violence, and as those with strength, resourcefulness, creativity, and the unbending will to be free and to thrive!
Although Maha was deeply rooted in Palestinian society and her work grounded in it, she was not content to remain only at home. In the Arab regions, she was instrumental in creating a space for fruitful dialogue with the Arab women and activists through membership in “Salma,” a network against Violence against Women in the Arab World and in “Aisha” the Arab Women’s Forum. She also was actively internationally. She participated in international conferences and workshops to speak about the agony of the Palestinian women and about their struggle for their political, social, and legal rights and asserted their right to protection, based on international agreements, conventions, and human rights standards. Maha used the international to demonstrate how Palestinian women are denied the rights and dignity that women worldwide are entitled to enjoy.
You were present in our conscience, inside each one of us when we were paying condolences to the family and to each other.
You are now with us in our hearts, deeds, and thoughts.
When the battles between the fundamentalists and the progressives intensify, you will be here.
When brave women resist the sickness of the body and attempt to free their shackled consciousness, you are mentioned and you are here.
And, when the time comes of a free Palestine and of Palestinian women’s full social, economic, and political rights, with us and among us you will stay!